Volume 8.30 | Jul 31

ESC & iPSC News 8.30 July 31, 2013
ESC & iPSC News
     In this issue: Publications | Reviews | Industry News | Policy News | Events | Jobs
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TOP STORY
The Pluripotent Genome in Three Dimensions Is Shaped Around Pluripotency Factors
Scientists combined chromatin conformation capture technologies with chromatin factor binding data to demonstrate that inactive chromatin is unusually disorganized in pluripotent stem-cell nuclei. They showed that gene promoters engage in contacts between topological domains in a largely tissue-independent manner, whereas enhancers have a more tissue-restricted interaction profile. [Nature] Abstract
Take the "if" out of "diff": Reduce variability when differentiating to neural progenitors
 
PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)
Importin Alpha Subtypes Determine Differential Transcription Factor Localization in Embryonic Stem Cells Maintenance
The authors report a cell-fate determination mechanism in which importin α2 negatively regulates the nuclear import of certain transcription factors to maintain embryonic stem cell properties. [Dev Cell]
Abstract | Graphical Abstract

Highly Efficient Induction and Long-Term Maintenance of Multipotent Cardiovascular Progenitors from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells Under Defined Conditions
Researchers aimed to develop chemically defined systems for robust generation and stable propagation of human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiovascular progenitor cells (CVPCs) by modulating the key early developmental pathways involved in human cardiovascular specification and CVPC self-renewal. [Cell Res] Full Article

A Direct Physical Interaction between Nanog and Sox2 Regulates Embryonic Stem Cell Self-Renewal
Results suggest that aromatic stacking of Nanog tryptophans and Sox2 tyrosines mediates an interaction central to embryonic stem cell self-renewal. [EMBO J] Full Article

Acetylated Histone H3K56 Interacts with Oct4 to Promote Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Pluripotency
Data suggest that acetylated histone H3K56 plays a central role in binding to Oct4 to promote the pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. [Proc Natl Acad Sci USA] Abstract

SOX2-LIN28/let-7 Pathway Regulates Proliferation and Neurogenesis in Neural Precursors
Using human embryonic stem cell-derived neural precursor cells to model neurogenesis, investigators found that SRY (sex-determining region)-box 2 (SOX2) is required to maintain optimal levels of LIN28, a well-characterized suppressor of let-7 microRNA biogenesis. [Proc Natl Acad Sci USA] Abstract

A General Strategy for Cellular Reprogramming: The Importance of Transcription Factor Cross-Repression
Researchers introduced a method that generalizes the concept of transcription factor cross-repression to systematically predict sets of genes, whose perturbations induce cellular transitions between any given pair of cell types. Given the increasing interest of cellular reprogramming in medicine and basic research, this method represents a useful computational methodology to assist researchers in the field in designing experimental strategies. [Stem Cells] Abstract | Full Article | Press Release

Phenotypic Assays for β-Amyloid in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Neurons
Investigators established phenotypic neuronal assays for the biogenesis and synaptic action of amyloid β peptide based on embryonic stem cell-derived neurons. [Chem Biol]
Abstract | Full Article | Graphical Abstract

A p38mapk-p53 Cascade Regulates Mesodermal Differentiation and Neurogenesis of Embryonic Stem Cells
Results showed that p53 mediates, at least for a large part, the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38mapk) control of the early commitment of embryonic stem cells toward mesodermal and neural lineages. [Cell Death Dis] Full Article

A Cellular Model for Sporadic ALS Using Patient-Derived Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Researchers report the reprogramming to pluripotency of fibroblasts from a large cohort of healthy controls and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and their differentiation into motor neurons. They demonstrated that motor neurons derived from three sporadic ALS patients show de novo TDP-43 aggregation and that the aggregates recapitulate pathology in postmortem tissue from one of the same patients from which the induced pluripotent stem cells were derived. [Mol Cell Neurosci] Abstract

Generation of Tooth-Like Structures from Integration-Free Human Urine Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Investigators described the generation of tooth-like structures from integration-free human urine induced pluripotent stem cells. [Cell Regen] Abstract | Full Article | Press Release

Increase reproducibility between experiments using frozen primary cells. Learn more.
 
REVIEWS
Translation: Screening for Novel Therapeutics with Disease-Relevant Cell Types Derived from Human Stem Cell Models
Researchers summarized advances in applying human pluripotent stem cell and reprogramming technologies to generate specific neural subtypes with a focus on the use of these in vitro systems for the discovery of small molecule-probes and novel therapeutics. [Biol Psychiatry] Abstract

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Applications for Retinal Degenerations
The authors provide a quick primer on key pathways involved in the development of the neural retina and RPE followed by a discussion of the various protocols out in the literature for generating these cells from non-human and human embryonic stem cells and end with in vivo application of embryonic stem cell-derived photoreceptors and RPE cells. [Exp Eye Res] Abstract

Visit our reviews page to see a complete list of reviews in the ESC & iPSC research field.  
 
INDUSTRY NEWS
Stem Cell Agency’s Board Approves $70 Million Plan to Develop Innovative Alpha Clinics
A $70 million plan to create a new statewide network of sites that will act as a hub for stem cell clinical trials was approved by the governing Board of California’s stem cell agency, the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine. The goal of the Alpha Stem Cell Clinics Network is to support and accelerate clinical trials for programs funded by the agency, as well as those developed elsewhere by academic researchers, clinicians and pharmaceutical companies. [California Institute for Regenerative Medicine] Press Release

LifeMap Sciences Announces Release of LifeMap DiscoveryTM Version 1.2 with Extensive Stem Cell Therapy Data
LifeMap Sciences, Inc. announced the release of LifeMap Discovery™ version 1.2. LifeMap Discovery™ is a state-of-the-art roadmap of embryonic development and stem cell biology. The product integrates embryonic development and stem cell biology, molecular, cellular, anatomical, and disease-related information, and provides data-mining capabilities and bioinformatics applications. [LifeMap Sciences, Inc.] Press Release

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POLICY NEWS
Democratizing the Collection and Storage of Stem Cells
Cordsavings SA, newly housed at the BioArk site in Monthey, seeks to democratize the collection and storage of umbilical cord blood stem cells across Swiss territory. To achieve this, it is developing a totally new ethical and community-based bio-bank in Valais to serve families and the public health authorities. [Cordsavings SA] Press Release

Submission for OMB Review; 30-day Comment Request: Financial Sustainability of Human Tissue Biobanking (FR Doc No: 2013-17642)  
 
EVENTS
NEW IBC’s 3rd Annual Cell Therapy Bioprocessing
October 21-22, 2013
Bethesda, United States

NEW Cell Based Assays
November 18-19, 2013
London, United Kingdom

NEW IBC’s Biopharmaceutical Development & Production (BDP) Week: Methods & Molecules
March 24-27, 2014
San Diego, United States

Visit our events page to see a complete list of events in the ESC & iPSC community.
 
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
NEW Postdoctoral Fellow – Human Stem Cell Biology and Hematopoiesis (Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)

Research Assistant – Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Culture and Microinjection (Mary Lyon Centre, MRC-Harwell)

Stem Cell Researcher – Heart Research Group (University of Tampere)

Postdoctoral Position – Stem Cell Therapy and Epigenetics of Retina (University of Pittsburgh, Ophthalmology)

Postdoctoral Position – Pluripotent Stem Cells to Islets (INSERM FRANCE)

Postdoctoral Fellowship – Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry (Masaryk University)

Director of Cell Processing Facility (S L Collins Associates, Inc.)

Postdoctoral Fellow – Cancer Immunology (Medical University of South Carolina)


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